The term american indian born in canada as used in section 289 of the act includes only persons possessing 50 per centum or more of the blood of the american indian race it does not include a person who is the spouse or child of such an indian or a person whose membership in an indian tribe or family is by adoption. Many laws affecting aboriginal peoples were combined in 1876 to become the indian act the act gave canada a coordinated approach to indian policy rather than the pre-confederation piece-meal approach the indian agent, acting under the authority of the indian act, played a key role in the. Canada's youngest national aboriginal leader, patrick brazeau, national chief of the congress of aboriginal peoples provides an overview of canada's indian act. In the early 1900s, the before-mentioned provision of the indian act was used in nova scotia by some of sydney's white residents to relocate the membertou band at that time, the band was located at about where the holiday inn is found on kings road. The indian act is a legal document that applies to first nations people and grants many benefits to their everyday lives, but also constrains their abilities to be apart of regular canadian society.
(2) in this act, aboriginal peoples of canada includes the indian, inuit and métis peoples of canada (3) for greater certainty, in subsection (1) treaty rights includes rights that now exist by way of land claims agreements or may be so acquired. What is the indian act (in canada), how does it effect the native americans, and what would the impact be were it removed update: thanks for the links. Document type: report abstract: the indian act banned women from elected leadership positions in reserve politics in canada until 1951 this paper locates women in reserve politics and provides an analysis of the first nations women who served as chiefs and councilors across canada. How the indian act shape the canada today the indian act passed by the federal parliament in 1876, has shaped canada today because of the several amendments, and changes that the act was subjected to, since its inception.
The indian act is federal legislation that provides the basic legal status and entitlements of canada's aboriginal peoples the act deals with such things as the legal definition of who may claim indian status in canada, the rights and duties which accompany that status, the structure of canada's reserve system and the nature of aboriginal self-government. The indian act, north-west military police, supreme court of canada all came about in this fake nation building designed to obliterate the anishinabe to take their land and resources the residential schools were necessary in the breakdown of the fabric of anishinabe society. The indian act is a law first passed by canada in 1876 it imposed government control over all natives, covering many aspects of daily life it focused on 3 main areas, however: band councils, reserves, and status (membership. Summary statement - indian act the indian act was an attempt by the canadian government to assimilate the aboriginals into the canadian society through means such as enfranchisement, the creation of elective band councils, the banning of aboriginals seeking legal help, and through the process of providing the superintendent general of the.
The indian act and the numbered treaties contributed to the growth of canada tremendously the canadian government was able to join the canadian pacific railway throughout canada because they were able to get the land from the first nations. The indian act (1876-to present) is the piece of legislation that not only defines the relationship between indigenous peoples and the settler canadian government but also serves to regulate the membership of indigenous communities and access to reserve lands and services by dividing indigenous people into status and non status indians. (5) where, prior to september 4, 1951, any woman became entitled, under section 14 of the indian act, chapter 98 of the revised statutes of canada, 1927,. The indian act is administered by indian and northern affairs canada (inac), formerly the department of indian affairs and northern development (diand) the origins of the indian act: a history of oppression and resistance.
The indian act and the future of aboriginal governance in canada the indian act is no longer an uncontestable part of the aboriginal landscape in canada for decades, this controversial and intrusive piece of federal legislation governed almost. Here is a look at some of the key dates in the evolution of the relationship between canada and the first nations key dates for canada's dealings with first nations the indian act is. Essay on the indian act of canada - summary statement - indian act the indian act was an attempt by the canadian government to assimilate the aboriginals into the. Discusses historical and legal aspects of the indian act examines administration, provincial jurisdiction and federal policy toward indians. The indian act is a combination of multiple legislations regarding the aboriginal people who reside across canada, such as the gradual civilization act of 1857 and the gradual enfranchisement act of 1869 (hanson, np.
The historical development of the indian act treaties historical indian act, the first (january 1975) by territorial evolution of canada, produced and. The indian act is the principal statute through which the federal government administers indian status, local first nations governments and the management of reserve land and communal monies historica canada. The indian act was enacted in 1876 by the parliament of canada under the provisions of section 91(24) of the constitution act, 1867, which provides canada's federal government exclusive authority to legislate in relation to indians and lands reserved for indians.
Potlatch ban: abolishment of first nations ceremonies october 16, 2012 when the british north america (bna) act was passed in 1867, canada became a country but remained a colony of the british empire. The amendment act also modernizes some aspects of the indian act by repealing especially offensive colonial provisions it removes all references to residential schools and the truant officers provisions, and repeals an offensive provision regulating the description of indians in legal proceedings under the act. The indian act shapes patterns of migration to cities, as well as the challenges faced by urban first nations peoples today, as the federal government begins to contemplate the end of the indian act, it is worth considering how the end of the act might affect first nations people living in urban areas.