In response to a similar list posted on a blog by brian leiter which i found to be disturbingly skewed from the perspective of the analytic tradition in philosophy, i have decided to make my own list of the top 20 most important philosophers of the modern era. Parmenides was a pivotal figure in presocratic thought, and one of the most influential of the presocratics in determining the course of western philosophy according to mckirahan, parmenides is the inventor of metaphysics (157)—the inquiry into the nature of being or reality. The most famous child prodigy in history is also, according to mit research, the most influential and popular composer in history he composed music at the age of five and by the time of his death, only thirty years later, he had created over 600 works. The 100 most influential books ever written by martin seymour-smith the 100 most influential books ever written: the history of thought from ancient times to today (1998) is a book of intellectual history written by martin seymour-smith (1928-1998), a british poet, critic, and biographer. Most of chomsky's influential works (and nearly all of his landmark contributions) were in the realm of linguistics, rather than philosophy his later work became popular in critical theory circles because it played so nicely into the framework that had already been established, providing real geopolitical examples of the theoretical conflict.
He was a french enlightenment philosopher and author of the social contract, which became one of the most influential works of political philosophy in the western tradition petrarch he was an italian scholar and poet who is known as the father of humanism. Perhaps the most influential group of philosophers came from ancient greece many ideals and principles we use today come from three prominent philosophers named socrates, plato, and aristotle these men will soon (not in their lifetimes) change the course of human history and the process of thought. Another fundamental philosophy of the enlightenment, which declared that different ideas, cultures, and beliefs had equal merit relativism developed in reaction to the age of exploration, which increased european exposure to a variety of peoples and cultures across the world.
He went on to become the very well-paid tutor of alexander the great — probably the highest paid philosopher in history aristotle started his own philosophical school when he was 50 years old although he lived only ten more years, he produced nearly a thousand books and pamphlets, only a few of which have survived. The most interesting part of the thought is also the corrupting nurture looking at exactly how the nurture corrupts mirrors back the author's feel for the human nature and what part of it is more important than the other. The most influential philosopher in terms of number of lives impacted, directly or indirectly, and sheer global reach is marx 15b people at its height, 34% of then world population 44b this is regardless of whether you agree or disagree with marxie's ideas the 1917 russian revolution was of.
I actually wouldn't put russell there because his philosophy hasn't had nearly the impact that the others have he was an influential public intellectual, a mentor to a generation, and his biography is among the most interesting of the 20th century, but all the same he hasn't had the staying power of some others. Aquinas is most definitely one of the most influential philosophers in history no doubt what-so-ever about that cs lewis wasn't technically a philosopher, though his works has inspired (and still do inspire) many of the greatest christian thinkers of today. Plato, was a philosopher and a mathematician, and is considered one of the major greek philosophers, due to his profoundly influence in western philosophy plato belonged to an aristocratic and influential family and became a devoted young follower of socrates. Master kong qiu, as his name translates from chinese, lived from 551 to 479 bc, and remains the most important single philosopher in eastern history he espoused significant principles of ethics and politics, in a time when the greeks were espousing the same things.
The word philosophy comes from the greek words for love and wisdom and generally refer to the pursuit of wisdom, moral discipline and knowledge through logic don't be fooled, however, as philosophy is not just a place for high-minded, abstract thinking and hypothetical irrelevancy (though there's certainly plenty of that, too. To gain a good understanding of western philosophy, you have to cover the basic teachings of some of the most influential philosophers these thinkers affected the course of history with their work, and the legacy of many of their studies are relevant now more than everbelow we have compiled a list of 10 books everyone must read to gain a. While this timeline doesn't cover every existentialist and their work, it does focus on the most important and most influential existential philosophers and their primary existential works 1813-05-05 00:00:00.
Aristotle is without a doubt one of the greatest philosophers of all time, and, along with plato, one of the most influential people in western history raphael's renaissance masterpiece, the school of athens, depicts plato and aristotle walking side by side, surrounded by a number of other philosophers and personalities of antiquity. Few names in the ancient world are famous, but aristotle is certainly one of them he is considered the founder of the field of philosophy and to some the first scientist, where his work has continued to influence modern thought and ideas. 90 most influential philosophers of all-time one of the most influential war-philosopher june 23, 2012 at 2:58 pm logic and the collective thinking of what.